The Bath Royal and Literary and Scientific Institute (BRLSI) is an educational charity founded in 1824.
Rev. Leonard Jenyns – friend and close correspondent of Charles Darwin bequeathed the BRLSI his library of over 2,000 books, correspondence of over 700 letters, scrapbooks and his Herbarium.
Jenyns was orginially supposed to be the naturalist accompanying the H.M.S. Beagle but was not able on account of his clerical duties. In his stead, he recommended the young Darwin to take his place.
The BRSLI is located in Queen Square, Bath and today hosts public talks, exhibitions on science, the arts and current affairs but also maintains an extensive collection of books and fossils.
The BRSLI museum and archives have various sections: Library, Geology, Natural History and Humanities.
The library includes volumes from Erasmus, Darwin, Lamarck and Linnaeus. Part of the Geology archive is made of the collection of Charles Moore purchased after his death in 1881.